【HKDSE 2017 DBQ Q.2 English Version】
Q.2 (a) What was the attitude of the author of Source C towards the USA? Support your answer with one clue from Source C. (2 marks)
Attitude: Supportive / Appreciative / positive
Clue: U.S. demonstrated to China how to establish a democratic and free China. (Boldness, fairness, honestly)
Q.2 (b) If you were a Chinese intellectual in 1945, would you support the CCP? Explain your answer with reference to Source D. (4 marks)
I would support CCP
Firstly, CCP promised that it will carry out democratic reforms and promulgate a democratic policy agenda, which could improve the China’s democratic development and unite the people to defeat Japan.
Secondly, CCP promised to form a central government from Kuomintang, CCP, Democratic League and non-party elements, which aimed to abolish one-party dictatorship. It could paved the way for party policies and democratic developments. Therefore, I would support CCP.
Q.2 (c) ‘After it came to power in 1949, the guiding principles of the CCP demonstrated drastic changes when compared to those it held before coming to power.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer with reference to Sources C and D, and using your own knowledge of the development of China up to 1978. (7 marks)
‘Drastic change’ 與 ‘transform’ 相若，也是 ‘fundamental change’ 的意思，即前後存在很大的不同。
To large extent I agree with the statement. The guiding principle has drastic changes in political and diplomatic but not in economic aspect.
In political aspect, the guiding principle before 1949 is democratic policies but it changed drasticly to dictatorship after 1949.
By Source C, CCP newspaper praised the U.S. government for demonstrating how to become democratic country. It reflects that CCP wanted to implement democracy as the political guiding principle.
By Source D, CCP promised to carry out democratic reforms and form a central government from different parties. It reflects that CCP wanted to implement party politics.
However, from my own knowledge, CCP implemented dictatorship after 1949. For example, China indicated in the ‘Common Program’ that it would implement ‘people’s democratic dictatorship’ and The government departments only acted according to the principles and policies of the Party. Also, Mao also initiated several political activities to combat against the people who upheld different opinion with him such as Cultural revolution in 1966-76.
In diplomatic aspect, the guiding principle before 1949 is to establish diplomatic relations with Western countires, but it changed to communist states after 1949.
By Source C, CCP newsapaper stated that it wanted to tie the bonds together with U.S. It proved that the diplomatic guiding principle of CCP is to establish with Western countires.
However, from my own knowledge, CCP turned to develop diplomatic relations with communist states. For example, CCP supported North Korea in Korean War in 1950 and supported North Vietnam in Vietnam War to combat against the Western countires.
In economic aspect, the gulding principle before 1949 is to implement communist and planning economic policies, which did not change after 1949.
From my own knowledge, since CCP appreciated the communist and planning economic policies and would like to follow USSR for the five year economic plan, they set it as an economic guiding principle.
The CCP successfully implemented the policies after 1949. For example, In 1956, almost 90% of the peasants participated in to cooperatives in the first five year plan. Also, About 600,000 steel furnaces were built and operated by 90 million people under ‘The Great Leap Forward’.