【HKDSE 2017 DBQ Q.3 English Version】
Q.3 (a) What, in your opinion, was the main message of the cartoon in Source E? Explain your answer with reference to Source E. (3 marks)
The main message of the cartoon in Source E is to criticize France not to share the responsibility to maintain world peace.
In the cartoon above (Then), Britain, Italy and U.S. helped France by force to protect the peace.
However, in the cartoon below (now), Britain, Italy and U.S. brought ‘suggestions’ and ‘ideas’, which represent ‘peaceful means’ to persuade France to maintain peace but France said it is ‘MY affair’ and tried to close the door. It reflects that the cartoon wants to criticize France of not sharing the responsibility to maintain world peace and said it is ‘MY affair’ and did not want the nations to involve.
Q.3 (b) Identify one general misunderstanding of the impact of the First World War on women’s status, according to the author of Source F. Explain your answer with reference to Source F. (3 marks)
The general misunderstanding of the impact of WWI on women’s status is that WWI leaded to increase of women’s status in every social aspect.
From Source F, it stated that we should not exaggerate the extent of social change in Europe after WWI. Although women in some European states were granted voting right after WWI, the main cause is the strong feminist movement before WWI. Oppositely, some women were not granted voting right in some areas in Europe such as France, Italy and Romania.
Moreover, their social status in other aspects also did not enhance much, the home and workplace was still completely male-dominated. Therefore, WWI enhancing women’s social status is a misunderstanding.
Q.3 (c) Did the First World War bring about a better Europe? Explain your answer with reference to Sources E and F, and using your own knowledge of the development of Europe up to 1929. (7 marks)
To large extent I think that the WWI brought about a better Europe up to 1929.
In the aspect of women status, WWI enhanced the women’s social status. From Source F, most of the women in Europe did not have voting right before WWI. However, the people realized the importance and contribution of women during WWI. Therefore, voting right was granted to women in some Europe states. From my own knowledge, women over 30 ages were granted voting right in 1918.
From my own knowledge, WWI also leaded to democracy in some Europe states. For example Germany implemented democratic system after WWI. A democratic government Weimar Republic was formed and the president was elected. Before WWI, Germany did not have democracy and Wilhelm II was the last Germany emperor before WWI.
From my own knowledge, WWI improved the social development. The equipment and communication system used in WWI such as air transport, radio, motor cars were adapted for common use after WWI, which improved the social development.
However, in the aspect of maintaining world peace, WWI did not bring a better Europe up to 1929.
From Source E, before WWI, the nations tried to protect the world peace by force when there was war. It reflects that it did not have an effective method to protect world peace.
Also, Source F criticizes that France did not want to share the responsibility to maintain world peace in 1923, which reflects that Europe did not bring a more peaceful Europe up to 1929.
From my own knowledge, the League of Nations set up after WWI could not maintain world peace up to 1929. For example, when Italy occupied Corfu in 1923 and invaded in Fiume in 1924, League of Nations did not have any action to stop the annexation.
Therefore, only to large extent I agree that WWI brought about a better Europe up to 1929.