【HKDSE 2017 DBQ Q.4 English Version】
Q.4 (a) Identify one justification that was used by Charles de Gaulle in both speeches to reject Britain’s application to join the EEC. Support your answer with two clues from Source G, one from 1963 and one from 1967. (3 marks)
The justification that was used by Charles de Gaulle is that Britain could not integrate and agree with the policies of EEC.
Clue 1: In the speech of 1963, Charles stated that ‘the entry of Great Britain would completely change the actions, agreement and rules of EEC’, which reflects that Britain would not follow and agree with EEC policies.
Clue 2: In the speech of 1967, Charles stated that ‘our policy with Britain’s policy cannot merge’, which reflects that there was difference between Britain and EEC policies and could not integrate.
Q.4 (b) What was the ‘trifling condition’ mentioned in Source H? Explain your answer with reference to Source H. (3 marks)
The ‘trifling condition’ means to give up part of sovereignty to France.
Clue 1 + explain: In the cartoon it described Charles as ‘King of Britain and France’ and the vehicle behind showed ‘Paris’ and ‘London’. The capital and King, which were the symbol of sovereignty of a country, showed France and Britain together, which implies that Britain needed to give up part of sovereignty to cooperate with France in order to join EEC.
Clue 2 + explain: The cartoon showed that the flag of Britain was replaced by France. Flag was also a symbol of a country. It reflected that France requested Britain to give up part of sovereignty.
Q.4 (c) What factors hindered economic cooperation in Europe from the 1950s to the 1970s? Explain your answer with reference to Sources G and H, and using your own knowledge. (6 marks)
There are the following factors hindering economic cooperation from 1950s to 1970s.
The first one is the disagreements over new members. From Source G, France stated that the policies of Britain would not integrate with EEC and the special diplomatic relations of Britain with U.S. might absorb the community of Europe. It showed the worry of France towards to joining of Britain.
The second one is the disagreement of economic policies. From Source G, France stated that she worried that the economic policies of Britain would not integrate with EEC, which reflects that there was disagreement of members since they had different views on the policies.
The third one is that some of the member states were not willing to give up sovereignty. From source F, Britain expressed that the condition to join ECC is to give up sovereignty to France. The exaggerated description of the cartoon (Change of flags and share of king) obviously expressed it was not acceptable for Britain to compromise and give up sovereignty, which become a hindering factor.
From my own knowledge, different economic foundations of member states is also a hindering factor. Some members are highly industrialized but some are agricultural economics. It is difficult to reach an agreement on the economic policies. For example, common agricultural policy was introduced in 1962. However, there were a lot of complaints about the ECC’s heavy expenditure on subsidising the agricultural development of certain member states such as France and Italy.
From my own knowledge, disagreements on the European unity. Some of the members hoped that the economic cooperation would lead to complete integration of political, diplomatic and social aspect. However, some of the member states such as Britain, Denmark and Sweden were not willing to extend the cooperation to other aspects.